“Broughton Castle … about the most beautiful castle in all England … for sheer loveliness of the combination of water, woods and picturesque buildings.” Sir Charles Oman in 1898
A fortified manor house, built in the early 14th century and extended and remodelled in the 15th, 16th and 18th centuries. Restored in the 19th and 20th centuries. The original house included a large hall with the private apartments at one end and the kitchen and ancillary rooms at the other. Some of the original range of buildings, including the kitchen at the western end, were partially demolished in the 16th century and their foundations lie below the present structure. The house stands on a large island, surrounded by a broad moat. Stonework in the moat, visible when the water level is lowered, indicates that it was originally more regular in width, with angled corners forming an octagonal plan. (Pastscape)
Much historical interest must ever attach to two localities where the leaders of the puritan and malcontent party in the reign of Charles I. held their secret meetings, which resulted in the civil war; one of these was Broughton Castle, the house of the Lord Saye and Sele, about whom Clarendon wrote that he “had the deepest hand in all the evils that befel the unhappy kingdom”; the other .was Fawsley, the home of Richard Knightley, whose eldest son had married the favourite daughter of Hampden. At these two places, Pym, Hampden, St. John, Lord Saye and Sele (who was considered “the godfather of the puritan party”), Essex, Lord Holland, Nat Fiennes, and others of rank, held their meetings. At Broughton there was a chamber to which a private passage led, and when these conspirators assembled in it they came secretly, and no servants were allowed to know anything as to the attendance or the business.
The family of Saye is of ancient derivation, and is traceable, through females, to the eleventh century. Geoffry de Saye was one of the twenty-five barons charged with the care of the observance of the Great Charter. What is said by Beesley (in a long note) regarding this family having originated from the worthless scoundrel, Falk de Brent (Falcasius de Breaute), the servile tool of King John, is not trustworthy: Breaute could not be Broughton.
In Parker’s “Domestic Architecture of the Fourteenth Century” (vol. ii. p. 261) a very full description is given of Broughton Castle, with a plan of the house and several views of it. The structure is entirely surrounded with a very broad moat, perhaps the largest in the kingdom, the only entrance being by a bridge and gatehouse on the S. side. Viewed from the N.W. it has the appearance of a fine Elizabethan mansion, but this is due to alterations at the W. end, and to the grand bay windows added by the Fiennes family in 2 Mary. On examination it will be found that almost the whole of the main building of the De Broughtons of the fourteenth century still remains in complete preservation, particularly at the E. end. The great hall is there with its solar, the kitchens beyond this being converted into magnificent dining and drawing-rooms, with the addition of the great bay windows. Then, from the S.E. end of the hall, a splendid groined corridor runs to the end of the ancient house and round to the S. front, giving access to the other rooms, and, by a newel staircase, to the upper floors. The chapel, which is on the upper storey, is approached by a long flight of steps from this passage; it is small, but occupies the height of two storeys, and has a fine geometric E. window. On the roof are two apartments: one with a good chimney, which is called the guardroom; and another large apartment occupying the whole roof of the E. end, which is called the barrack, and was occupied the night before the battle of Edgehill by Lord Saye and Sele’s regiment.
The work of the fifteenth century, by Sir Thomas Wykeham, must have been the walls within the moat and surrounding the whole (portions of Which remain), the offices adjoining the gatehouse, and the upper storey of this (the lower storey being De Broughton’s work), the embattled part containing the kitchen, the guardroom, and the windows of the room over the chapel.
The work of the sixteenth century has been alluded to already. Altogether this castle is a most interesting building. The gatehouse is of two different dates, the lower part being of the fourteenth century, while the upper storey is certainly of the fifteenth. (Castles Of England, Sir James D. Mackenzie, 1896)
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